(a) A libel is a false and malicious defamation of another, expressed in print, writing, pictures, or signs, tending to injure the reputation of the person and exposing him to public hatred, contempt, or ridicule.
(a) Slander or oral defamation consists in:
(1) Imputing to another a crime punishable by law;
(2) Charging a person with having some contagious disorder or with
being guilty of some debasing act which may exclude him from
(3) Making charges against another in reference to his trade,
office, or profession, calculated to injure him therein; or
(4) Uttering any disparaging words productive of special damage
which flows naturally therefrom.
(b) In the situation described in paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of
this Code section, special damage is essential to support an action;
in the situations described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of
subsection (a) of this Code section, damage is inferred.